The causal effects of employment on mental health and criminality for disabled workers

M.C. Versantvoort, Klarita Sadiraj, Remco Eijkel, van, Sander Gerritsen

Research output: Online publication or non-textual formOnline publication or websiteAcademicpeer-review


We study to what extent employment generates spillover effects on other life domains for persons with a work disability. Our empirical strategy is built around a unique exogenous shock in job probability caused by the 2015 reform of the activation policy for disabled workers in the Netherlands. We find that being employed reduces the probability of using mental health care by 7 percentage points, engaging in criminal activity by 3 percentage points and using non-medical home care by 8 percentage points. Relative to the baseline prevalence in our sample of disabled persons, these effects range between 30 and 60 percent.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
Media of outputOnline
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Labour
  • Mental health
  • Disability
  • Criminality
  • Policy reform

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